The Paris Climate Agreement, formally known as the Paris Agreement, is a legally binding agreement to address climate change signed by 196 countries in 2015. The ultimate aim of the agreement is to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
To achieve this, the Paris Agreement sets out several specific aims:
1. Mitigate greenhouse gas emissions: The agreement calls for countries to take measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, which are the main drivers of climate change. Each country sets its own targets, known as nationally determined contributions (NDCs), to reduce emissions.
2. Adapt to the impacts of climate change: The Paris Agreement recognizes that even with efforts to limit global warming, some impacts are already unavoidable. Therefore, the agreement aims to help countries adapt to the impacts of climate change, such as sea level rise, extreme weather, and food insecurity.
3. Mobilize finance: The Paris Agreement acknowledges that developing countries may require financial and technical assistance to meet their NDCs and address the impacts of climate change. Developed countries have committed to providing financial resources to support these efforts.
4. Enhance climate change education, awareness, and public participation: The Paris Agreement recognizes the importance of engaging and educating the public on climate change. It aims to enhance public awareness and participation in climate action and calls for education and training programs to build capacity for implementing climate measures.
5. Strengthening climate change governance and institutions: The Paris Agreement acknowledges the importance of strengthening institutions and governance structures to effectively implement climate policies. It encourages the development of robust and transparent governance mechanisms to track progress towards meeting NDCs and achieving the goals of the Paris Agreement.
In conclusion, the Paris Agreement aims to limit global warming by reducing greenhouse gas emissions, adapting to the impacts of climate change, mobilizing finance, enhancing awareness and education, and strengthening institutions and governance structures. The success of the Paris Agreement depends on the commitment of all countries to fulfill their NDCs and work together to address the urgent threat of climate change.